In this study, we examine the role of individuals’ commitment in small and medium-sized firms. More specifically, we argue that employees will commit themselves to their firm based on their current work status in the firm, their perception of the organizational climate, and the firm’s entrepreneurial orientation. We also examine how individuals’ commitment affect the actual effort they exert vis-à-vis their firm. The study’s hypotheses are tested by applying quantitative analyses to survey data collected from 863 Mexican small and medium-sized businesses. We found that individuals’ position and tenure in the firm, their perception of psychological safety and meaningfulness, and the firm’s entrepreneurial orientation all are positively related to organizational commitment. We also found a positive relationship between organizational commitment and effort. Finally, our findings show that organizational commitment mediates the relationship between many of the predictor variables and effort. We discuss the limitations and implications of our findings and provide directions for future research.


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